Kamis, 23 Februari 2012

KH Agus Salim

Haji Agus Salim [agus salim]; born Musyudul Haq; 8 October 1884 – 4 November 1954) was one of Indonesia's founding fathers and prominent diplomats. He played a leading role in the creation of the Indonesian constitution in 1945 and served as Indonesia's Foreign Minister between 1947 and 1949.

Salim was born in Kota Gadang, Agam, West Sumatra to Sutan Muhammad Salim, a court official, and Siti Zaenab. His birth name was Musyudul Haq; Agus was his nickname. on 8 October 1884. His surename was Masyudul Haq or Musyudul Haq, whereas his nickname was Agus. His father's name was Sutan Muhammad Salim, and his job was prosecutor (called hoofd djaksa) in Riau High Court and once received the highest civilian medal from Queen Wilhelmina. His mother's name was Siti Zaenab.

In 1890, he began to study in Europeese Lagere School (generally only for Europeans) and graduated in 1897. During that period, he also furthered his studies of Islam. In 1897, he studied at Hogere Burger School and he earned the highest rank of HBS, when he was 19 years old.

Salim was interested in studying medicine applied for a scholarship from the Dutch colonial government, but was refused. In respect of his mother's last wish, at the age of 22 he took a job at the Dutch consulate in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. His family expected him to study religious science from his uncle, Syaikh Ahmad Khatib. At the embassy, Salim translated and managed Indonesian's hajj pilgrimages.

In 1915, he joined Sarekat Islam under Tjokroaminoto's leadership and soon became second in command; Salim and Tjokorminoto became known as the dwi tunggal (English: the two who are one) due to their close cooperation. Salim later replaced Tjokroaminoto after Tjokrominoto's death in 19.

In his hometown he opened a public school for native Indonesians, or Hollandsc Inlandsche School. Three years later, he worked for Translateur Ladische Drukkery in Jakarta. In 1917 he also worked as Editor in Chief for the Neradja, and then as chief editor at Balai Pustaka. From 1917-1919, he became director of Bataviaasch Nieuwsblad, a Dutch-language newspaper.

During the same period Salim wrote extensively on human rights and Indonesian independence. In "Progress as a Property Case", published on 11 October 1917, he argued that the Dutch reason for denying Indonesian independence, the lack of economic advancement, was ignorant of human history, citing slavery as an example. As long as Indonesians lacked political rights and independence, he argued, they would never gain economic advancement.

Salim was a member of numerous committees for the preparation for Indonesian independence, including the Committee for Indonesian Independence Preparation, Committee of Nine, and the Formulator Committee; they wrote the preamble to Indonesia's constitution, including Pancasila.

After the failure of the Linggadjati Agreement with the Dutch in March 1947, a delegation chaired by Salim went to numerous Arabic countries to seek de jure recognition of Indonesia's independence. Facilitate by Salim's command of Arabic, they succeeded; Egypt recognize Indonesia's independence on 10 June 1947, Iran in July 1947, and Lebanon and Saudi Arabia on 24 November 1947. Upon his return to Indonesia, Salim was hailed as an exemplary diplomat.

Salim was also a member of the Indonesian delegation to the United Nations Security Council session at Lake Success, New York under Prime Minister Syahrir.

During his political career, he served as foreign minister during Sjahrir II Cabinet, Sjahrir III Cabinet, Amir Sjarifuddin I Cabinet, Hatta I Cabinet, and Hatta II Cabinet.

Salim died 27 days after his 70th birthday, on 4 November 1954.

adapted from : /http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agus_Salim